Why 4 page sections?
Well, simply put each of the binding processes outlined below requires the sheets of paper to be folded in half, with each fold of the sheet producing four pages. So, the first fold will produce 4 pages, the second 8 pages, the third fold 16 pages and so on.
Beyond this basic tenet of book-binding, your choice of binding process will be influenced largely by the same considerations as the choice of format – presentation of the subject matter to your prospective readers and the utility of the finished product.
Generally speaking, the most widely used binding methods are:
Soft Cover Books – Perfect Bound
Perfect bound is a book binding type for soft cover books, or paperback books. Signatures may be notched, burst bound or PUR bound. Publishing Productions will offer suggestions if you do not know which is right for your book. Much depends on the page count and purpose of the book. For instance, a reference book gets a lot more wear and tear and would require either notch binding or PUR binding.
Saddle stitched (or ‘saddle-stapled’) is a term used for simply stapling along the spine. This is suitable for low page count books or catalogues. If you have booklets to print, this is a good way to go. As a general rule paginations up to 96pp can be saddle-stapled. For books containing more pages than this, perfect binding is generally preferred. An additional benefit of perfect binding is the ability to include a title on a spine.
Hard Cover Books – Case-Bound
Case-bound is a book binding type used for hardcover books. The cover wrap can be printed on paper, cloth, leather, or leather look. Case-bound books which use material for the cover wrap usually also have a dust jacket. A dust jacket is optional when the cover wrap is printed paper. Text pages are ‘section sewn’ with cotton, with end papers glued to both the text and book case.
All paper stocks are produced in gsm – grams/square metre. In general, stock used to make up the body of a publication may vary between 70gsm up to 170gsm, the most common being between 80gsm to 130gsm. In addition to the weight of the text stock there is the choice between matt, gloss and offset finishes.
As with the text stocks, cover stocks are available in varying gsm (250gsm – 400gsm) as well as matt, gloss and offset finishes. It is the job of the cover stock to ‘hold the publication together’ and therefore the weight of the cover is generally chosen to best suit the pagination and binding style required.